One of its names is Aditya (“first born”). It is also called Bhutasya Jatah (creator or father of all bhutas, i.e., objects and ingredients from which objects assume form). He is the ruler of all the planets. The Sun represents the male or father principle. The Sun is the ruler of the zodiac sign Leo. It is regarded as a malefic planet, but it is actually an auspicious planet. Its’ friendship with Jupiter is sattvik (pure, as Jupiter is the teacher of the Sun). With the Moon the relationship is rajasic and with Mars, tamasic. The Sun gives us vitality and the power of resistance and immunity. It is responsible for our physical makeup the body’s constitution. The Sun gives life force, the power of will, intellect, brilliance, prosperity, success in worldly affairs, wealth, personal conduct, activity, cheerfulness, good fortune, wisdom, ambition, fame, the understanding of the phenomenal world, and the knowledge of medicine.The gemstone related to the Sun is the ruby the metal is gold. The Sun rules number one in indian numerology.
The famous Vedic verse Purusha Sukta, describing the cosmic man, states, “chandrama manso jatah”: “Moon was born from the mind of the cosmic man,” i.e., Virat Purusa, or Kal Purusa. Moon is the presiding deity of the element water, and rules over the tides of the sea. The sphere of the Moon is the reservoir of rainwater and thus Moon is the ruler of plants and the vegetable kingdom. Moon represents the mother or female principle, the energy that creates and preserves. The color of Moon is white. Nature is mucusdominated, tenderhearted, wise, and learned. It rules peace of mind, comfort, general wellbeing, and also the fortune of a person. It shows influence around twentyfour to twentyfive years of age. The Moon gives illumination, sense of purpose, intuitive nature, sensuality, taste, youth, love of poetry, fine arts and music, love of jewelry, attractive appearance, wealth and good fortune. It makes us moody, emotional, and sensitive. The Moon is auspicious for those who are born in the ascending Moon cycle and malefic for those who are born in the descending Moon cycle. For persons whose Moon is not rightly placed in their horoscopes or is illaspected, success becomes difficult. Sometimes it even becomes difficult to achieve a comfortable life on earth. It makes such people weak or sick in their early years. The gemstone related to Moon is pearl, and its metal is silver. Moon rules number 2 in indian numerology.
Jupiter in Sanskrit is known as Brahaspati or Guru. In the Taittiriya Upanishad Jupiter is said to be the intellect and speech of the Virat Purusha, the Cosmic Body. In the Brihat Parasara Hora (1.26.31) he is said to be the dwarf incarnation of Vishnu. In the Vishnu Purana he is said to be Brahma. Sometimes he is identified with Ganapati (Ganesh), and sometimes with Angiras (the priest of the gods and lord of sacrifices). There is also a story that the wife of Angiras gave birth to Brahaspati (Jupiter), who is the presiding deity of mental powers and the teacher of gods. He is the teacher of the science of light, that is, vedic astrology and astronomy. He is the ruler of the Sun and the Moon and controls the movement of the planets. In the Rig Veda Brahaspati is said to be born in the sky with seven faces and seven rays. Brahaspati defeats his enemies and breaks their forts. No ritual sacrifice can be complete without invoking this teacher of gods. He is the seer who perceived and wrote one of the hymns of the Rig Veda (10.72). In the Skanda Purana it is said that Brahaspati worshiped Shiva for a thousand years and as a reward Shiva made him the planet Jupiter. Jupiter is a sattvik and benefic planet, significator of luck and fortune, he rules religion, philosophy, spirituality, wealth, and progeny. If favorable, this planet gives name, fame, success, honor, wealth, progeny and good relationship with progeny, it brings benefits to whatever planets or house it is associated with. The related color is yellow. Thursday is his day, and northeast is his direction. Jupiter rules number 3 in indian numerology. Through the placement of Jupiter in a birth chart we know about the benefits earned by a native from the karmas of his past lives. Jupiter also affects longdistance travel, wisdom, truthfulness, morality, charity, benevolence, compassion, and meditation. Jupiter is very important for a female, because it determines her marriage and her relationship with her husband. All people with high ambitions, calm persons, priests, religious teachers, politicians, ministers, foreigners, and persons in the legal profession are influenced by Jupiter. The gemstone of Jupiter is the yellow sapphire.
Venus, known as Shukra in Hindu mythology, is the son of the great seer Bhrigu. Bhrigu was an astrologer and taught his son all of the spiritual sciences and scriptures. Because of Shukra’s enmity toward Brahaspati (Jupiter), he (Shukra) agreed to be the teacher of the asuras (antigods). When Shukra became the preceptor of the antigods, in order to protect them against the gods and subgods he worshiped Shiva and learned from him the method by which he could bring them back to life even after they were killed in battle. Shukra in Sanskrit means “semen”. Rajasik in nature, Venus belongs to the Brahmin caste. An embodiment of love, he is a benefic planet and governs the refined attributes, romance, beauty, sensuality, passion, comforts, luxuries, jewelry, wealth, art, music, dance, season of spring, rains and the bedroom. Venus is also important because of its association with the science of mantras and Ayurvedic medicine, Tantra, the casting of spells, hypnotism, mesmerism, and alchemy. When rightly aspected Venus is strong, and it brings wealth, comfort, attraction to the opposite sex in the early part of life. It makes its natives tender, gentle and considerate. They are lovers of jewelry, sour (pungent) taste, white dresses, decoration, perfumes, tasty foods and the fine arts. Its’ metal is silver, it’s gemstone diamond, the day is Friday and the direction is southeast. Venus rules number 6 in indian numerology.
According to the Linga Purana, Mercury is the son of the Moon by his wife Rohini. Yet in the Vishnu Purana, Brahma Purana, Devi Bhagvata Bhagwat Purana, Harivansha Purana, Padma Purana and Vayu Purana a story is told of the seduction of Brahaspati’s (Jupiter’s) wife Tara by the Moon and Buddha is born from her. He is called Saumya, that is, “Son of Soma [Moon].” From Buddha springs the lunar race. The Moon, being his father, is friendly toward him, but Mercury knows that he is son of the wife of Jupiter and so he is in conflict with the Moon, who seduced his mother. Mercury is sexless and neutral and is a cold and moist planet. Being a neutral planet it changes according to its placement in a sign and house, and that is why it is said to have a “mercurial” nature. Because it is nearest to the Sun it is restless, which also makes it quickchanging, fickle, and often retrograde. Mercury sometimes precedes the Sun and sometimes follows it. Mercury can be seen in the morning and evening as a shining star and sometimes even during the day because of its power of radiation. Mercury is the smallest planet of our solar system. Being adaptable, it becomes malefic when conjunct with Mars and makes its natives nervous, overly excitable, and insecure. Mercury rules education, writers, lecturers, artists, teachers, traders, businessmen, the nervous system, lungs, and intestines. It rules intelligence, speech, selfconfidence, humor, wit, astrology, mathematics, and short journeys. As a lord of Gemini Mercury has two faces : it gives a double nature and makes one detached and independent as well as an extremist. Its color is the green of a blade of fresh grass. Mercury is dominated by the three doshas wind, bile, and mucus, all rajasic. Earth is its element, it is a merchant by nature, shudra by caste, lover of humor and wit, ever green, weak in body constitution, delicate, having mixed feelings. Mercury loves the company of learned people, and is the lord of the direction North. The day related to Mercury is Wednesday, while the gemstone related to Mercury is emerald. Mercury rules number 5 in indian numerology.
In Sanskrit he is called Shani or Shanaishchara (the slow mover), because he takes about two and a half years or so to pass through each constellation of the sidereal zodiac. In the Linga Purana it is said that Shani was born from the solar deity Rudra. The Markandeya Purana states that Shani is the son of the Sun god by his wife Chaya (shadow). Saturn is cold and dry, tamasik (lethargic) and an elderly planet. His sight is bad, and he is said to be “malefic amongst the malefics.” Saturn destroys the house it occupies (except if positioned in the seventh house, where it receives directional strength) and any houses it aspects or any planet it conjoins or aspects. When well placed it gives its natives integrity, wisdom, spirituality, fame, patience, ability to lead, authority, long life, organizational abilities, sincerity, honesty, love of justice and awareness of right and wrong. When illposited it brings miseries, sorrow, delay, obstruction, disappointment, disputes, dejection, difficulties. Saturnine natives are defensive, nervous and secretive. Saturn rules the direction west, Saturday is its day, black is its color and blue sapphire is the gemstone of Saturn. Saturn rules number 8 in indian numerology.
Dragon’s Head (Rahu)
In the most ancient scriptures on vedic astrology we do not find the names of Rahu and its counterpart, Ketu. Instead, only seven planets are mentioned. The name of Rahu first appears in the Mahabharata, when we read the story of the churning of the Ocean of Milk in the search for ambrosia the elixir of immortality known as amrita in Sanskrit. Rahu was the son of Danava Vipracitti by his wife Simhika, and a brother of Maya Danava, the great magician and architect. Rahu and Ketu are two parts of the same danava and are 180° apart from each other. Whenever either Sun or Moon are conjunct with Rahu or Ketu, a solar or lunar eclipse takes place. In astronomy Rahu is considered the dragon’s head and is also known as the north node of Moon, the point where the Moon’s orbit crosses the ecliptic. Ketu is known as the dragon’s tail, which gives birth to comets and meteors and is known as the descending or the south node of the Moon. When Sun, Moon, and Rahu or Ketu fall in the same zodiacal longitude, a solar eclipse takes place. Rahu is responsible for solar, Ketu for lunar eclipse. This makes them significant for astronomers and astrologers both. Though they are included in planets, Rahu and Ketu are not real luminaries and are regarded as shadow planets. They do not have ability to cast aspects, as other planets do, they do not rule any zodiacal signs and are not characterized as male or female. Because they are related to Moon as its north and south nodes, they reflect the basic bipolarity of energy within the cosmos and the individual. They are both regarded as malefic halfplanets and they bisect the natal chart of the horoscopes of all individuals. The gemstone related to Rahu is hessonite. Rahu rules number 4 in indian numerology.
Dragon’ tail (Ketu)
Ketu is what remains of the body of Rahu. Ketu is a headless halfplanet, shadowy as Rahu and malefic, though not as malefic as Rahu. It is therefore considered a mokshakarak (cause of liberation from the cycle of birth and death). It bestows spiritual tendencies, ascetism and nonattachment to worldly desires and ambitions. Ketu is also a halfplanet that bestows wisdom, powers of discrimination, and gyana spiritual knowledge, the knowledge of the self. It gives psychic abilities to its natives and makes them masters of the healing arts, natural healing, healing herbs, spices, foods, tantric healing, healing of persons possessed by evil spirits, ghosts and astral forces. Ketu natives also have the ability to go unnoticed or merge into the crowd of common folk. Ketu’s effects are similar to those of Mars, but this is only one way of describing the malefic effect and power of Ketu. Ketu can be more destructive if it is inauspiciously positioned in the horoscopes. Ketu destroys the potency of the planet with which it is conjunct making the planet behave in an uncontrollable manner. It is tamasik, of hybrid generation, malefic, awful, and devious in nature. Ketu is neither feminine nor masculine, wind dominated, aged, powerful at night, animalistic, obsessive, compulsive and unconscious in behavior. It is associated with a smoky grey colour and Ketu’s gemstone is cat’seye. Ketu rules number 7 in indian numerology.
_all credits to Sanatan Society and Pieter Weltevrede for the beautiful artworks_